Outstanding pieces of the Archaeological Museum
1 IBERIAN-ROMAN ALTAR STONE
Limestone architectural element with relief on three of its four sides / faces, in which a ritual sacrifice of an animal is represented performed by an offerer or priest. On the first side, it's the sacrifice itself; in the second, the moment of the libations, and in the third, a pátera containing the sacred liquid poured on the altar.
It belongs to the Ibero-Roman culture (1st century BC - 1st century AD).
It was found in 1971, in Escañuela, in the Cortijo de la Torre.
* Patera is an object used in sacred rituals.
2 HISPANIC TERRA SIGILLATA
The Hispanic Terra Sigillata (sealed land), was a semi-luxurious tableware, widely used in Roman times (1st - 2nd century AD). These pieces were found in Los Villares de Andújar. In this district, 5 km east of Andújar, the old Isturgi, nicknamed Triumphale, was located.
One of its distinctive features is the mark or seal that it usually carries in the decoration (if it was decorated, which was the usual thing), or in the central interior part, when it lacked said decoration.
3 HERMA VOTIVA
This herma dedicated to Q. Pompeio, according to archaeologist Dr. Armin U. Stylow (Institute of Archeology of Munich), is unique in Hispania, and the reason for this uniqueness is due to the fact that it is a woman who takes the initiative of dedicate it, in this case, to her fiancé. Tradition established that it was the man who assumed this role.
Q.POMPEIO/Q.F.SERANO F/MANILA.M.F NAVINA/SOPONSA. "To Quinto Pompeyo Serano, son of Quinto, of his fiancée Manila Navina, daughter of Marco"
4 LUCERNE OF ROMAN VENERA
Lucerna with scallop on the disc, derived from the Dressel 3 “Andújar type” form. This oil lamp, which was used for lighting, has a tank at the bottom, where the oil was introduced, and several holes. The holes had different purposes, one was to fill the aforementioned tank, another, called the "breathing hole", to promote the combustion of the oil, and the last was used to locate the wick, which burned slowly, while it was lighting up. It is made from a mold, and was manufactured in Isturgi (Los Villares de Andújar).
Its chronology would be located in the high imperial period, 1st century BC. C.- 1st century AD. C.