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What to know about Andujar 2/4



Toponymic of Andujar




Illustrious citizen



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Popular legends




Brief Andujar history

Illustrious citizen

What to know about Andujar

Ciudadanos ilustres
Pablo Alcalde Higueras (1883-1955). Writer and philologist.

Author of delicious compositions of Andalusian roots such as De la solera fina, La flor de la canela or Los cuentos de Maricastaña. In 1934 he published his indispensable Andalusian Vocabulary in Andujar. He was the promoter of the Monumental Rosary in the sanctuary of the Virgen de la Cabeza. He collaborated assiduously in the cultural magazines of the province Don Lope de Sosa y Paisaje.

foto para la WEB de Turismo.jpg
Antonio Alcala Venceslada (1883-1955). Writer and philologist.

Author of delicious compositions of Andalusian roots such as De la solera fina, La flor de la canela or Los cuentos de Maricastaña. In 1934 he published his indispensable Andalusian Vocabulary in Andujar. He was the promoter of the Monumental Rosary in the sanctuary of the Virgen de la Cabeza. He collaborated assiduously in the cultural magazines of the province Don Lope de Sosa y Paisaje.

Luis Aldehuela Gomez (1920-2011). Painter and sculptor.

Son of set designer and ceramist Manuel Aldehuela. It is an authority within the venatory art. His pictorial work also includes the portrait, the still life and representations of the appearance of the Virgen de la Cabeza. Pilgrimage poster. In sculpture, San Antonio and Horacion de Huerto stand out, both in Andujar.

Fray Francisco de Andujar (1760-1817). Franciscan religious.
[Francisco de Paula Rave Berdura]

He exercised his ministry in present-day Venezuela. There he served as professor of mathematics for Simon Bolivar. He accompanied the researcher Humboldt on his visit to Rio Apure, his knowledge being praised by the German scientist. He held important positions within the Franciscan Order while living in American lands, where he died.

 La lección de Bello a Bolívar de Tito Salas 
Tomas Bevia Aranda (1907-1999). Writer.

He devoted himself to teaching, especially in the city of Ecija, where he lived a large part of his life. He was a painter, a musician, but above all a literary man. He left innumerable poetic works such as Perlas sobre el Santuario, Violetas del Santo Reino, Visión poética de Astigi, Jaramagos, Violetas...

 Busto del escultor Rafael Amadeo Rojas 
Maria Jose Cantudo (1951). Actress.
[Mª Purificacion Josefa Cantudo Porcel]

She began her professional career as a model and actress of fotonovelas. She immediately went to the cinema and to television as a presenter. At the beginning of the seventies he stars in the first frontal nude of Spanish cinema (La trastienda, by Jorge Grau). She also dedicated herself to the magazine, achieved the triumph with a version of Las Leandras.

Juan de Castro (1818-1892). Musicgrapher.

He took part with his father (who was a military musician) in the Carlist War, as a musician. He lived for a time in France and returned to Spain where he devoted himself to music criticism and history. Here he founded some magazines and published several works on the musical phenomenon, such as Manual de musica religiosa or Higiene del cantante. He also left a couple of military hymns.

Manuel de Castro y Padilla (1573-1623). Jurist. Conqueror.

He was Oidor of the Audiencia de Charcos (in present-day Bolivia), being the youngest jurist to occupy a position of that type. Later he was elected president and it is at that moment when he receives the commission to found the city that would eventually become Oruro, something striking since it was not military. He left a written account of the mines of Oruro.

 Carlos Ángel Gálvez  
Beato Marcos Criado (1522-1569). Trinitarian religious.
[Marcos Criado Notario de Pasillas]

From a noble Andean family, he joined the Trinitarian Order and dedicated himself to preaching the Gospel through Moorish lands. He was martyred in the village of La Peza (Granada). From that moment he enjoyed great devotion in the area being declared "Apostle of the Alpujarras". He was beatified by Leo XIII in 1899.

 Martirio de Marcos Criado  
Ventura Diaz Astillero (1821-1864). Politician.

One of the ten ministers from Jaen in nineteenth-century Spain. Specifically, he occupied the Ministry of governance in 1857, if only for five months. He was named after life senator. It represented the trend most opposed to the liberalism of the moment.

Pedro de Escavias (c.1415-20 – c.1500). Writer.

He was page in the court of King Juan II. He unconditionally supported King Enrique IV, next to the constable of Jaen, which earned Andujar to be declared "Very Noble and Very Loyal". As a writer he left several compositions in the songbooks of the time and the repertoire of princes of Spain. He is also credited with Hechos del condestable D. Miguel Lucas de Iranzo.

Manuel Espinosa de los Monteros (c.1730-1810). Musician.

First oboe of the Royal Chapel and chamber musician of the King. He was also director of the Royal Academies of Spain. He left written a work about touches of war and his famous "Marcha granadera", which was the basis of the actual march and current anthem of Spain.

Jose Manuel Estepa Llaurens (1925). Cardinal Emeritus

Of great theological and catechetical formation, he was in charge of the university pastor at the University of Madrid-Alcala. In 1972 he was consecrated bishop by Cardinal Tarancon, being auxiliary bishop of Madrid-Alcala. He served as military vicar general. Currently, he is Cardinal Emeritus appointed by Pope Benedict XVI. He is the author of several works, especially of a catechetical nature.

Miguel Fuentes del Olmo (1940). Sculptor.

He has dedicated his life to artistic creation and teaching. In this sense, he is a doctor from the Complutense University of Madrid and a university professor. He has taught at several Andalusian universities. He was awarded the gold medal of Andalusia in 2010. His sculptural work is spread across several countries.

 Jorge Manrique. Antonio Somoza 
Rodolfo Gil Torres "Amor y Benomar" (1901-1975). Journalist and writer.

He lived much of his life in North Africa, becoming an expert in the Arab world and especially the Andalusian past of Spain. He collaborated actively in several diplomatic missions that tried an approach between the Maghreb and Spain. His political thought fits within Andalusian nationalism and his work influenced the thinking of Blas Infante. 
Antonio Gonzalez Orea (1925-2004). Sculptor.

One of the referents of the new sacred art, together with Fuentes del Olmo, which emerged in Spain after the Second Vatican Council. Doctor in Fine Arts and professor in Granada. He was a professor at SA.FA. of Andujar, from where they left multitude of disciples. One of his most emblematic works is the monument to the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, in La Carolina.

 Navas de Tolosa. Joaquín Alejandre 
Pablo Gonzalez Velazquez (1664-1727). Sculptor.

Addict of the baroque prevailing at the time since he came to Madrid to carve a niche in the artistic world. He had to enjoy great fame since King Louis I offered to be a chamber sculptor. Much of his work has been lost. The sculpture of San Luis Obispo is preserved, in the church of the same name in Madrid. He initiated a dynasty of artists that goes until the 19th century.

Gracian Quijano (1896-1974). Writer.
[Francisca Cristina Saenz de Tejada y Orti]

She published his first book in 1934 and from that moment on her contributions to the press and published works are manifold. Among the latter, it is worth mentioning La piedra en el lago, Ofrenda, Cante jondo, La segunda de mis siete vidas, etc. She cultivated narrative and poetry equally. She was very influenced by the Andalusian culture, but also by the oriental one.

Bartolome Herrera Clemente (1890-1982). Painter and potter.

One of the great ceramic teachers of Andujar. He trained with the painter Garcia del Valle and worked a good part of his life in the "Barrero" factory. On canvas, the missing paintings from the altarpiece of the Divina Pastora or the Christ tied to the column stand out in San Bartolome. His ceramic work is huge, finding everywhere religious scenes, especially: the appearance of the Virgen de la Cabeza.

Jose Illanda (S. XIX). Flamenco singer.

Mythic flamenco singer of whom few biographical information is known. We can only glimpse that he was a gypsy and that he had to leave Andujar and went to Jerez. He lived for a time in Utrera, where he alternated with the Serneta, from whose sing he took the base for his personal style of solea, a style that is currently maintained.

Kurt Savoy (1948). Singer, specialist in whistles.
[Francisco Rodriguez Muñoz]

Also called Curro Savoy. He is considered the best whistler in the world. Its international prestige was reinforced when it collaborated in the soundtracks of famous western like The good, the bad and the ugly, The Price of death and A fistful of dollars. He has also participated in advertising campaigns and has recorded several albums.

Diego Llori Trujillo (1966). Flamenco dancer and choreographe.

He initially learned with maestro Caracolillo in Seville and Paco Romero in Madrid, where he excelled as a dancer. He was the first dancer and soloist of the National Ballet of Spain. He collaborated in the creation of the first Andalusian ballet, forming his own company in 1999. His artistic collaborations are multiple. He has also appeared in films such as El amor brujo of Carlos Saura.

Jose Luis Macias Sampedro (1929). Painter and cartoonist.

He started in Andujar with the teacher Jiménez and went to the school of arts and crafts of San Carlos in Valencia. Specialized in illustration, he worked for the Valenciana publishing house (Marilo magazine and covers of popular novels such as Luchadores del espacio). There he founded the Creo publishing house, in which he draws the series Ajax el griego. He also worked for the foreign market. He is a child illustrator and a canvas painter.

Miguel Angel Martínez Tajuelo (1984). Paralympic swimmer.

All a national reference of Paralympic swimming. His record is impressive, having achieved several championships in Spain and achieving meritorious positions in European and world competitions. He has also participated in Paralympic games. He has several records and awards in recognition of his dedication to sports.

Manuel Mª Montero Moya (1826-1914). Pedagogue and writer.

Teacher in Andujar and Jaen. In 1891 he presided over the General Assembly of the Magisterium in Madrid. His pedagogical work is reflected in several works such as El faro de la infancia. His political thinking must be framed in regenerationism and republicanism. In this sense, he was deputy to Cortes in 1873 and Castelar offered him the Ministry of Public Instruction, a position he rejected. He made numerous collaborations in the press. He was in love with the Virgen de la Cabeza.

 EFE/J.J. Guillén 
Micaela Navarro Garzon (1956). Politician.

Militant of the PSOE. She has been councilor of the Andujar City Council. Senator for the province of Jaen (1996-2000). Deputy in the elections of 2000 and 2015. Councilor for Equality and Social Welfare of the Junta de Andalucia for two terms. In 2014 she was elected President of the PSOE, until 2016. She is the second vice president of the Congress of Deputies since January 2016.

Maria Rosa Orad Aragon "Maria Rosa" (1937). Flamenco dancer.

She spent his childhood in Seville where she received her initial training. She appeared for the first time in the show "Galas juveniles". She was forged on stages in Spain and Italy. She was part of the Concha Piquer company. She formed a partner with Caracolillo, dancing in Europe and America. She created her own company and was the first ballerina of Antonio's ballet. She has received many awards and recognitions.

Francisco Perez de Valenzuela (1528-1599). Conqueror.

Of noble Andean family, he went to America to meet with his father. He was dedicated to the commerce with own ships. He formed his own army, which he put at the service of the King. He participated in the battle of Biobio. He lived in the city of Valdivia (Chile), of which he was mayor, corregidor and real accountant. He was brother of Juan de Valenzuela, founder of Concepcion.

Antonio Primo Garrote (1732-1798). Sculptor.

One of the first disciples of the Madrilenian Academy of San Fernando. He perfected his art in Rome and worked in the capital of Spain for the rest of his life. The reliefs on the facade of the Post Office, the current headquarters of the Community of Madrid, and the auction of the artichoke fountain in the Retiro Park have reached us.

Fray Agustin de Quiros (1566-1622). Jesuit writer.

He was a teacher of Grammar, Humanities and Sacred Scriptures. He directed several colleges of the Company. He moved to Mexico where he was censor in some convents. He left several works, among which a Breve discurso contra el abuso de afectar vocablos antiguos y desusados, and some Comentarios de varios libros del Antiguo Testamento.

 Jesuitas Granada. Nunilon 
Maria de Rada (S. XVII). Poetess.

Curious and lucky example of a woman dedicated to the literature in full Spanish Baroque. Little do we know about her, only the inclusion of some of her poems in the Cancionero Antequerano, with whose poetic school it seems to be related by the style of her compositions. She also published in Andujar, in the works sponsored by the writer Francisco del Villar.

Rafael Romero Romero "El Gallina" (1910-1991).
Flamenco singer.

One of the mainstays of flamenco cante of the 20th century. He was part of the Lola Flores show in 1942. He performed with the greatest artists of the moment and participated in some films. He worked in the tablao Zambra. He toured half the world with his art, being received especially in Japan. National Prize of Cante in 1973.

Irma Soriano (1883-1955). (1963). Journalist.
[Inmaculada Soriano Bolivar]

Its beginnings are radio, going from Radio Jaen to Radio Madrid, with Iñaki Gabilondo in 1984. The following year she is part of the news services of TVE. In 1987 she received the definitive accolade when she was chosen by Jesus Hermida for her morning space "Por la mañana". She has participated in several television and radio programs. She received the Antena de Oro award twice.

Francisco Terrones del Caño (1551-1613). Real preacher.

Of great theological formation, he was Bishop of Tuy and Leon, and abbot of Aracena. His relationship with the court is given by being preacher confessor of King Philip II. Thanks to this relationship he got a relic of San Eufrasio for Andujar. He left written several sermons and his fundamental Instruction of preachers, a manual for sacred speakers.

Jose Toral y Sagrista (1874-1935). Writer.

He studied in Madrid and went to the Philippines with his brothers, studying law at the University of Manila. Back in Spain he worked in several newspapers and became a notary by opposition. In love with literature he left several works like Odres viejos, Para el descanso, El ajusticiado, Poemas en prosa, Los tres dones del diablo o Cuentos del cielo. He alternated the cultivation of prose with that of poetry.

Manuel de Valenzuela Sanchez-Muñoz (1857-1909). Writer.

Dedicated to the legal profession, found in the literature reason for recreation. As a poet, he highlights Sendas de luz o Sinceridad. As a narrator, we could cite El verdadero amor, whose action takes place in Andujar. He also left several collaborations in magazines of the time. He is the author of one of the poems of the Rosario Monumental of the Virgen de la Cabeza and lyricist of the song "Al cerro subimos". His son was the famous Lieutenant Colonel Valenzuela.

Collaboration of Manuel Barea
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