What to know about Andujar 2/4

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Toponymic of Andujar

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Illustrious citizen

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Popular legends

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Demonym

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Brief Andujar history

Illustrious citizen

What to know about Andujar

 
Antonio Alcala Venceslada (1883-1955). Writer and philologist.

Author of delicious compositions of Andalusian roots such as De la solera fina, La flor de la canela or Los cuentos de Maricastaña. In 1934 he published his indispensable Andalusian Vocabulary in Andujar. He was the promoter of the Monumental Rosary in the sanctuary of the Virgen de la Cabeza. He collaborated assiduously in the cultural magazines of the province Don Lope de Sosa y Paisaje.

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Antonio Alcala Venceslada (1883-1955). Writer and philologist.

Author of delicious compositions of Andalusian roots such as De la solera fina, La flor de la canela or Los cuentos de Maricastaña. In 1934 he published his indispensable Andalusian Vocabulary in Andujar. He was the promoter of the Monumental Rosary in the sanctuary of the Virgen de la Cabeza. He collaborated assiduously in the cultural magazines of the province Don Lope de Sosa y Paisaje.

Luis Aldehuela Gomez (1920-2011). Painter and sculptor.

Son of set designer and ceramist Manuel Aldehuela. It is an authority within the venatory art. His pictorial work also includes the portrait, the still life and representations of the appearance of the Virgen de la Cabeza. Pilgrimage poster. In sculpture, San Antonio and Horacion de Huerto stand out, both in Andujar.

Fray Francisco de Andujar (1760-1817). Franciscan religious.
[Francisco de Paula Rave Berdura]

He exercised his ministry in present-day Venezuela. There he served as professor of mathematics for Simon Bolivar. He accompanied the researcher Humboldt on his visit to Rio Apure, his knowledge being praised by the German scientist. He held important positions within the Franciscan Order while living in American lands, where he died.

 La lección de Bello a Bolívar de Tito Salas 
Tomas Bevia Aranda (1907-1999). Writer.

He devoted himself to teaching, especially in the city of Ecija, where he lived a large part of his life. He was a painter, a musician, but above all a literary man. He left innumerable poetic works such as Perlas sobre el Santuario, Violetas del Santo Reino, Visión poética de Astigi, Jaramagos, Violetas...

 Busto del escultor Rafael Amadeo Rojas 
Maria Jose Cantudo (1951). Actress.
[Mª Purificacion Josefa Cantudo Porcel]

She began her professional career as a model and actress of fotonovelas. She immediately went to the cinema and to television as a presenter. At the beginning of the seventies he stars in the first frontal nude of Spanish cinema (La trastienda, by Jorge Grau). She also dedicated herself to the magazine, achieved the triumph with a version of Las Leandras.

Juan de Castro (1818-1892). Musicgrapher.

He took part with his father (who was a military musician) in the Carlist War, as a musician. He lived for a time in France and returned to Spain where he devoted himself to music criticism and history. Here he founded some magazines and published several works on the musical phenomenon, such as Manual de musica religiosa or Higiene del cantante. He also left a couple of military hymns.

Manuel de Castro y Padilla (1573-1623). Jurist. Conqueror.

He was Oidor of the Audiencia de Charcos (in present-day Bolivia), being the youngest jurist to occupy a position of that type. Later he was elected president and it is at that moment when he receives the commission to found the city that would eventually become Oruro, something striking since it was not military. He left a written account of the mines of Oruro.

 Carlos Ángel Gálvez  
Beato Marcos Criado (1522-1569). Trinitarian religious.
[Marcos Criado Notario de Pasillas]

From a noble Andean family, he joined the Trinitarian Order and dedicated himself to preaching the Gospel through Moorish lands. He was martyred in the village of La Peza (Granada). From that moment he enjoyed great devotion in the area being declared "Apostle of the Alpujarras". He was beatified by Leo XIII in 1899.

 Martirio de Marcos Criado  
Ventura Diaz Astillero (1821-1864). Politician.

One of the ten ministers from Jaen in nineteenth-century Spain. Specifically, he occupied the Ministry of governance in 1857, if only for five months. He was named after life senator. It represented the trend most opposed to the liberalism of the moment.

Pedro de Escavias (c.1415-20 – c.1500). Writer.

He was page in the court of King Juan II. He unconditionally supported King Enrique IV, next to the constable of Jaen, which earned Andujar to be declared "Very Noble and Very Loyal". As a writer he left several compositions in the songbooks of the time and the repertoire of princes of Spain. He is also credited with Hechos del condestable D. Miguel Lucas de Iranzo.

Manuel Espinosa de los Monteros (c.1730-1810). Musician.

First oboe of the Royal Chapel and chamber musician of the King. He was also director of the Royal Academies of Spain. He left written a work about touches of war and his famous "Marcha granadera", which was the basis of the actual march and current anthem of Spain.

Jose Manuel Estepa Llaurens (1925). Cardinal Emeritus

Of great theological and catechetical formation, he was in charge of the university pastor at the University of Madrid-Alcala. In 1972 he was consecrated bishop by Cardinal Tarancon, being auxiliary bishop of Madrid-Alcala. He served as military vicar general. Currently, he is Cardinal Emeritus appointed by Pope Benedict XVI. He is the author of several works, especially of a catechetical nature.

Miguel Fuentes del Olmo (1940). Sculptor.

He has dedicated his life to artistic creation and teaching. In this sense, he is a doctor from the Complutense University of Madrid and a university professor. He has taught at several Andalusian universities. He was awarded the gold medal of Andalusia in 2010. His sculptural work is spread across several countries.

 Jorge Manrique. Antonio Somoza 
Rodolfo Gil Torres "Amor y Benomar" (1901-1975). Journalist and writer.

He lived much of his life in North Africa, becoming an expert in the Arab world and especially the Andalusian past of Spain. He collaborated actively in several diplomatic missions that tried an approach between the Maghreb and Spain. His political thought fits within Andalusian nationalism and his work influenced the thinking of Blas Infante.

 benumeya.wordpress.com 
Antonio Gonzalez Orea (1925-2004). Sculptor.

One of the referents of the new sacred art, together with Fuentes del Olmo, which emerged in Spain after the Second Vatican Council. Doctor in Fine Arts and professor in Granada. He was a professor at SA.FA. of Andujar, from where they left multitude of disciples. One of his most emblematic works is the monument to the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, in La Carolina.

 Navas de Tolosa. Joaquín Alejandre 
Pablo Gonzalez Velazquez (1664-1727). Sculptor.

Addict of the baroque prevailing at the time since he came to Madrid to carve a niche in the artistic world. He had to enjoy great fame since King Louis I offered to be a chamber sculptor. Much of his work has been lost. The sculpture of San Luis Obispo is preserved, in the church of the same name in Madrid. He initiated a dynasty of artists that goes until the 19th century.

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Gracian Quijano (1896-1974). Writer.
[Francisca Cristina Saenz de Tejada y Orti]

She published his first book in 1934 and from that moment on her contributions to the press and published works are manifold. Among the latter, it is worth mentioning La piedra en el lago, Ofrenda, Cante jondo, La segunda de mis siete vidas, etc. She cultivated narrative and poetry equally. She was very influenced by the Andalusian culture, but also by the oriental one.

Bartolome Herrera Clemente (1890-1982). Painter and potter.

One of the great ceramic teachers of Andujar. He trained with the painter Garcia del Valle and worked a good part of his life in the "Barrero" factory. On canvas, the missing paintings from the altarpiece of the Divina Pastora or the Christ tied to the column stand out in San Bartolome. His ceramic work is huge, finding everywhere religious scenes, especially: the appearance of the Virgen de la Cabeza.

Jose Illanda (S. XIX). Flamenco singer.

Mythic flamenco singer of whom few biographical information is known. We can only glimpse that he was a gypsy and that he had to leave Andujar and went to Jerez. He lived for a time in Utrera, where he alternated with the Serneta, from whose sing he took the base for his personal style of solea, a style that is currently maintained.